Sabahar - Good News!!!
Sabahar - Good News!!!
Autumn & Winter Charity events
DANAQA – SHARING IN THE WOMAD EXPERIENCE
We are delighted to be trading at this year’s WOMAD at Charlton Park, Wilts.
The leading UK World Music and Dance event runs from Thursday 25 July to Sunday 28 July.
We will be sharing a stand with the lovely Jo Heaven and her “Empower the Gambia” charity.
Look out for the “Emporium of Loveliness” trade stand.
We will have Tintsaba, Zoggs, Imvelo Eswatini, Selyn, Sabahar and Elecosy lines along with some groovy bags and hats from Madagascar. All hand-made and ethically sourced.
Please pop over and say hello
Glenn & Debbie
Our New Home
Danaqa has a new home. We are delighted to find a brand new retail opportunity in a really interesting destination outlet.
Malt House Emporium is in Ashchurch, Gloucestershire GL20 8JP and houses an eclectic mix of items from a wide range of independent vendors.
Located just 500m from junction 9 of the M5 with a huge car park and well-appointed tea room it is perfect for a browse or a quick stop off.
So, whether it is Ethiopian hand-made textile scarves from Sabahar, elephant dung stationery gift items from Sri Lanka or brightly painted recycled metal buckets from Zoggs in Swaziland the Malt House Emporium is your new “go-to” destination store.
Introducing …Zoggs! Our supplier of recycled paper piggy banks and other innovative products with a unique design.
Danaqa is entering a new phase. The team of Nadia, David and Jessica have done extraordinary work in promoting a diverse range of female artisans over the years. Commitments in Europe and on other projects take them in fresh directions - go well guys. We hope to continue their work both in wholesale and retail form from a more rural base in the Cotswolds.
Along with the core suppliers like Sabahar of Ethiopia and Selyn of Sri Lanka, we will be adding new suppliers like the gifted weavers from Tintsaba, and the creative force that is found at Imvelo Eswatni, both in Swaziland.
Our retail activity will be on-line and pop-up at local charitable events but the aim will remain the same in supporting ethical trade with women-led businesses and craftswomen from some of the developing corners of the world.
Danaqa World Chic, the retail outlet that opened six years ago, will close its doors at the end of December.
Embracing change has been my biggest lesson in running Danaqa. What you envision is not always what ends up happening. Things change. This was true before Danaqa opened for my personal journey – I hadn’t envisioned opening a shop when I was an 13 years old. The world changes, you meet people, get inspired, have ideas, then sometimes try to do something with those ideas. Danaqa was an idea that I acted on. It was a concept that was inspired by many things. Firstly, a desire to find a solution to a series of problem. Small producers in developing countries need a market for their products. The reputation of certain countries is an artificial and unfair boundary that producers of high quality products need to overcome. There is a lack of capacity from some amazing producers to meet large orders from big buyers over small time periods, but that shouldn’t mean they should be excluded from export markets. Finally, Danaqa was a business with an inspiration, style, image and philosophy of the person it was inspired by, my wife. Early palettes that were put together for Danaqa were based on her bracelets. We never sold a product she wouldn’t buy. I wanted to create a business in her image.
When Danaqa launched, the business plan forecast a growth of the retail business, with the opening of numerous physical shops throughout London, Europe and beyond. That is not a reality today, and because of that I am sad. For many other reasons I am proud.
Danaqa worked with producers from various countries – Ethiopia, Rwanda, Botswana, Tanzania, Ghana, Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Iran and Indonesia. For most of our suppliers we have worked with for the past seven years we were the first company they have exported to, the company that helped them create bank accounts, processes for growing. And most have outgrown us. This is what we wanted.
I still remember opening on a Saturday morning in July and sitting for over two hours, in a shop next to “the famous blue door from the film Notting Hill”, waiting to make a sale. Fifteen minutes into that wait I was convinced we would never sell anything.
I remember all the people who gave me advice. Helped. I remember seeing one of our handbags being carried onto a bus for the first time. I remember when we pitched Danaqa to buyers at John Lewis – I was so proud of having a business good enough to even get that opportunity. I remember all of the breaks that we almost had. I am proud of opening a shop 6 years ago, proud that we tried.
Danaqa the shop is closing, but as a business and concept we are not. Danaqa will evolve into a new business providing advice and consultancy services to organisations as facilitation experts. It is something that we have been doing for the past four years, and are good at it. It is something we are passionate about because creating dialogues and conversations, linkages and connections is important. It is a business in the image of my wife, as the shop was.
For further information on the next chapter of our story please visit changebyexchange.co
Jessica from the Danaqa team recently visited Sri Lanka to find out more about some of the great ethical and sustainable brands on the island, working to preserve handicrafts and support rural women.
Founded in 1991, Selyn is a Fair Trade Guaranteed handloom company that engages nearly 1000 members of the traditional community of handloom weavers in the village of Wanduragala in Kurunegala. A declining industry, Selyn is working to revive the ancient skills and heritage of handweaving and extend its benefits to rural women and men, to empower them financially and allow for a comfortable standard of living. All products are 100% cotton and dyed in an environmentally friendly way at the company's dye plant, which includes a garden free to use by the employees, allowing them to take produce home to their families. The company also provides creche facilities, enabling mothers to continue to work. The toys produced by Selyn are made both in the company's factory and by a network of home workers, allowing them to earn a living from the comfort of their own homes. Selyn is a fantastic example of a company giving flexibility to employees to fit their lives, respect for the environment, preservation of traditional skills, whilst producing beautiful, well-made products.
Selyn products will be coming to our Danaqa store soon!
Island Craft Sri Lanka
The Island Craft initiative was created by the Academy of Design (AOD International Design Campus) to support local artisans and cottage industry in small villages through contemporary design collaborations. Island Craft focuses on keeping the handicraft legacy alive, while allowing artisans to lead self-sustained livelihoods. Their traditional artisan communities produce exquisitely handcrafted textiles, basketry and utensils from their humble cottages. The project supports engaged artisans by providing guidance to make quality products that meet international design standards while staying true to local techniques.With products ranging from Palmyrah items produced from the Northern Province, Handloom textiles from Gampaha, Batik, Kithul, Coconut and other Wooden carvings from the Central and Southern Province, Knitware items from Northern Province and many more.
We were so happy to discover the Good Market, which takes place in Colombo and Galle every Saturday. It is such a great initiative to see and you can find out more about their mission and a full list of vendors on their website.
"The Good Market wants to make it easier and more fun to “do good” and make better choices for our planet, our communities, and our health. It is a platform where socially and environmentally responsible producers, services providers, and consumers can come together.
Sri Lanka has many organic farmers, social enterprises, and responsible businesses that are creating products and services that are eco-friendly, socially responsible, and healthy. It also has many well-educated consumers that want to feed their families natural and organic food and choose products and services that match their values. The Good Market is a place for these groups to meet."
WEAVE by Chrysalis
WEAVE is a collaborative effort to support the businesses of women in Thunnkkai and Pandiyankulam, two small villages in the North of Sri Lanka. The women have come together to create hand-weaving workshops. They are committed to reviving the handloom industry in the North, once a thriving source of income and creativity. Their ultimate aim is to build their business in order to provide a better quality of life for their families and communities; WEAVE is helping to link them to new markets and aid in growing the businesses.
Established 50 years ago by Barbara Sansoni, Barefoot is perhaps the most well-known ethical brand in Sri Lanka. They work almost exclusively with women, teaching skills and quality to handweavers and stitchers. The products are produced in small workshops, most of which are in the countryside, allowing the women to stay in their rural locations, whilst still having the opportunity to work and earn fair wages. The cotton, silk and wool fibres are all hank dyed and woven by hand. Their flagship store in Colombo is a must visit, with floors of beautiful products and a lovely courtyard cafe.
It is so inspiring to see such great fair trade initiatives, both old and new, existing in the small island of Sri Lanka. With respect for the environment, providing sustainable livelihoods to people and offering great design and wonderful colours, we hope to return very soon!
Sustainable fashion continues to make strides in the industry with many consumers daring to ask who made my clothes in pursuit of more transparency in line with the recent Fashion Revolution campaign. As consumers are getting more aware of the detrimental effects of fast fashion on the environment and people, such as an increase in textile waste and poor working conditions, an increasing number of consumers are rightfully demanding innovative ways to reduce the carbon footprint. One Memoir, a fashion start-up based in Edinburgh is addressing both the desire for greater transparency and sustainability. Founded by two University of Edinburgh graduates, Justus and Shelly, One Memoir is in the business of upcycling preloved women’s jackets and coats. Their first collection entitled, ‘REVYBE – The Memoir’ was designed and upcycled by Caribbean designers from Trinidad and Tobago.
For many who wonder, upcycling is the activity of converting old or discarded materials into something entirely new to make them once again valuable. One Memoir decided to upcycle its preloved jackets, sourced from Scotland with the help of four emerging designers to reduce waste and offer a sustainable design opportunity and awareness to these designers. But why Trinidad and Tobago?
Well, according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Trinidad and Tobago is the second largest producer of carbon emissions in the world, as shown below. Fashion is very much seen as disposable: goods which are thrown away if they no longer fit or meet the current fashion trends. As a result, a lot of clothes are disposed of, filling landfills and leaving a mark on the beautiful Caribbean Island. The concept of upcycling was not widely known nor utilised in mainstream fashion in Trinidad and Tobago before One Memoir’s introduction to the island.
Moreover, sustainable fashion has also not attained a stronghold in the region and many designers remained uninformed of ways in which they can utilise their scrap material. With their cofounder, being a native of the Caribbean island they opted to have their first collection designed there. Most designers from the twin island discarded their scrap material but now, One Memoir challenged them to see value in their waste and use it as accentuating materials for the final one-of-a-kind pieces. It was an opportunity to inform the designers and by extension the island about sustainable fashion and, provide the designers with an international opportunity to have their finished designs retailed in the UK market. The process benefitted all parties and can be seen from the final One Memoir video excerpt released by the brand documenting their time in Trinidad and Tobago.
Conducting any business activity across geographic borders comes with its own hurdles and the Co-Founders were quick to highlight theirs. Along their journey, Justus was based in Scotland and Shelly in Trinidad and Tobago, they experienced time differences to logistical hurdles and the great task of filling knowledge gaps. The task was not easy but they firmly believed in their vision of offering a truly unique and sustainable fashion collection and ultimately they were able to overcome all of these obstacles to make their dream of One Memoir come alive.
In the space of 6 months their collection of 15 exclusive upcycled women’s jackets and coats were completed and their featured designers all thoroughly enjoyed the process. One designer, Nwannia, even planned to incorporate upcycling into her own design process in the future. This highlights how One Memoir not only created an opportunity to reduce waste in the burdened Island, but also to support the emerging creative designers who are looking for an opportunity to join the global fashion stage.
Their journey and vision to tackle the detrimental carbon footprint of the current fast fashion industry is truly impressive. Brands that put sustainable fashion and knowledge transfer at the forefront should be recognized and we recognise One Memoir for their bold and sustainable efforts in the Caribbean.
If you’d like to view their exclusive collection called ‘Revybe – The Memoir ‘please visit their website www.onememoir.com
They can also be followed on all social media channels using the handle one memoir.
Last week Danaqa attended the Fashion Africa Guide conference, hosted by FAG founder Jacqueline Shaw. As well as the annual conference, FAG also offer online Fashion Africa Business workshops, a Fashion Africa Trade Expo and Fashion Africa Sourcing trips that are launching in 2017. Jacqueline is also the author of ‘Fashion Africa’ showcasing over 45 of Africa’s well-known fashion designers and companies.
The day provided a fascinating insight into current African fashion businesses and best-model practices. Discussing the textile and leather industry in Ethiopia we learnt from the company, Responsify, that the Ethiopian government are implementing a ban on the export of raw materials in order to focus on value added export as well as banning the second hand clothing industry. By prioritising the textile and leather industry, 200,000 Ethiopians can be employed each year due to the growing industry. Developing the industry from scratch provides the opportunity to implement sustainable production practices and ethical working conditions, creating the possibility to make a positive change.
Mantis World, based in Arusha Tanzania, are another company paving the way for ethical and sustainable manufacturing, with a factory producing blank apparel for the printed market. As well as achieving various industry certifications such as GOTS and SAI they are focused on women’s empowerment through the creation of garment industry jobs that do not require educational qualifications or previous work experience.
Mark Stephenson from Sandstorm Kenya presented a very inspiring story of his brand’s evolution, from a ‘safari-style’ product aimed at expats and the export market to a ‘Kenya’s first choice for timeless and functional bags,’ achieving $1 million in sales in the last 12 months. The brand now presents a heritage story instead of a lifestyle story, with nearly 100% of the bag being manufactured in their Nairobi based factory, for example most of the hardware for the bags is cast from recycled brass by local craftsmen. They have also reinvented their retail concept to accommodate for the sophisticated Kenyan consumer market.
Other impactful points made throughout the day were the need for cultural understanding of who you are working with and the value of skills already present, as well as those that need to be developed. Manufacturing focus should be on developing skills as an alternative to keeping the skills set low and simply producing low-cost goods, which echoes the need for value-added export products.
It was a truly inspiring and encouraging day to hear positive stories of responsible manufacturing, local creativity and business innovation from such a rich and diverse continent. Thank you Fashion Africa Guide!
We invited the supplier of our beautiful new jewellery collection from Iran, Pegah Mohebbi, to write us a guest blog about the history of hand embroidery and what is being done to preserve craft traditions in Iran.
The province of Sistan-Baluchestan is situated in south-eastern Iran. With a population of 2.6 million, it is the largest region in the country. The province has historically suffered from political repression, economic deprivation and has witnessed violence through terrorism from extremist Sunni groups and drug smuggling. Today, it is the most under-developed region of Iran.
Sistan-Baluchestan stands out as being a particularly traditional and conservative, with many social restrictions on women including limited rights to education, under age marriage and high levels of violence against women.
While many government initiatives in the region have failed there is a growing trend stemming from the younger generation of educated women who aim to create job opportunities for the local women in aid of improving living standards and helping them gain independence. One of the most successful of these initiatives involves the popular craft of Baluch hand-embroidery.
Many Baluch women have turned to the art of hand-embroidery they have learnt and practiced since they were children to make their living and to support themselves and their families. With the invaluable effort of young artists and designers around the country, this tradition is being kept alive and restored:
Mixing the old and the new: Hand-embroidery is an ancient Iranian craft. Through support and mentoring of young designers educated in this craft, Baluch women are introduced to new innovative designs, tools and techniques, helping them create pieces suited to the demands of consumers today more efficiently.
Building a support network: Baluch woman are trained and supported to be able to reach their highest potential. They are mentored to be able to adapt their skills to the modern world. By partnering with young artists and designers in main cities of the country and abroad, their work is introduced to the contemporary fashion world for recognition of their beautiful intricate work as well as reliable continuous income.
A sense of belonging: This is not just about work opportunities and producing beautiful colourful piece that can be worn. It is much more. This is about creating a safe environment and a sense of community for Balouch women who can gain independence and confidence in themselves and their ability.
For more Baluch embroidery products visit the Danaqa store or masoudi.co.uk
Our beautiful handwoven baskets are a hit in the Danaqa store...here is the story behind them.
Zambezi Baskets is a community driven social enterprise that designs produces and exports hand-woven home decor items made from natural fibres.
Operating from Zambia and Zimbabwe Zambezi Baskets employs over 60 rural families who express their culture and talents to create products that are beautiful, functional and durable. Our artisans advance themselves, raise stronger families, stimulate their local economies and inspire the world around them.
Artisans are the driving force behind Zambezi Baskets and the ultimate reason it exits. As artisan leaders gain skills, knowledge and economic independence, they assume greater levels of responsibility in the enterprise. Zambezi Baskets goes beyond fair trade wage scales to pay its artisans livable wages.
Our natural hand made products preserve cultural traditions and the local environment. The ilala palm and bark used in production are cultivated locally, Zambezi Baskets revives the importance of basket weaving in the area by enabling women to pass on their basket weaving skills to their daughters as income generating opportunity.
> Zambezi Baskets opperates in some of the poorest rural areas in the region between Zambia and Zimbabwe
> 78% of household report food scarcity.
> The average annual income is less than $110.
There is no industry or manufactor.
> 90% of the residents are subsistence farmers and fishermen..
> Zambezi Baskets is the only economic development project for women in the area.
> The empoverment of women is key to:
> raising child nutrition level
> improving distribution and production of food
> enhancing the living conditions of rural poor and vulnerable population.
One of Danaqa's most popular product ranges is our beautiful handwoven scarves from Ethiopian company Sabahar.
Producing uniquely designed, hand made cotton and silk textiles, their products are entirely hand made from natural fibres, from the spinning of the thread to the weaving of the fabric.
Sabahar founder and General Manager, Kathy Marshall, a Canadian by birth but a twenty-year veteran of Ethiopia, founded the company in 2004. Her passion for preserving and celebrating the rich weaving tradition of Ethiopia combined with her desire to create respectful and ethical work opportunities for marginalized people have laid the foundation for the company.
Sabahar's core values reflect those of Danaqa's and their quality made products are a continuing hit with our customers.
Here are Sabahar's values, which can be found on their website.
To find out more about Sabahar and their creative process watch this short video.
There is much talk of protecting the earth and our natural resources for the next generation but it is the current generation of young people that are bringing new energy and ideas to help solve the issues we face. For the Global Landscapes Forum, Danaqa assisted CIFOR in recruiting 9 inspiring and informed students to assist in the facilitation of the days sessions. Prior to the conference Danaqa provided a training session in techniques and exercises to aid engagement and conversation, including 1-2-4-ALL, Worldcafe and sketchnoting.
Below, one student, Mariefi Kamizouli shares her thoughts on the event and the outcome of her sketchnoting session.
"It was a great experience beinga youth volunteer at GLF: The Investment Case in London. I have learned a lot during the different sessions that I participated in. Firstly, I really enjoyed the session about "Removing barriers for investing in landscape restoration - what works where?" the part we used the 1-2-4 all approach. I specifically liked this moment, because the audience had to identify the key barriers and write them down in order to make categories of these barriers and to discuss them further. People at this point were really engaged at the topic. It was really interactive! My favourite moment during the event was the exhibition part, where I had to sketch-note the conversation about the Case of "Indonesia Palm Oil Pledge"- (IPOP). The conversation was so interesting and so informative that I was very dedicated on the problem of Palm Oils and the deforestation there. Finally, all of the participants were happy to share their knowledge and advice to me during networking. I can not wait to collaborate with CIFOR again!"
Mariefi Kamizouli, MSc student in Environmental Economics & Climate Change at London School of Economics & Business.
LinkedIn page: www.linkedin.com/in/mariefikamizouli
“Farmers are not a homogenous group. They range from subsidiaries of international corporations cultivating hundreds of thousands of hectares to smallholders seeking to secure a livelihood from two hectares — and everything in between.
As such, interventions to address the negative environmental and social impacts of agricultural expansion cannot take a “one size fits all” approach.”-CIFOR
At the recent Global Landscapes Forum: The Investment Case, experts from the financial services industry met with leaders from the corporate sector, senior government officials and project developers to explore the potential of private finance in enhancing livelihood, environment and food security benefits through sustainable investment in landscapes.
The main factors considered were the risks and barriers that are currently preventing the $10-$20 billion worth of annual investment needed in sustainable landscape management.
When considering the definition of ‘risk’ as something that exposes someone or something of value to danger, harm or loss, let us expand the conversation to what it is that we value. The ‘something’ that we value is the natural world of our precious planet, its diverse eco-systems that sustain us through the provision of air, water and nutrition. The ‘someone’ that we value are the small-holders, farmers and foresters that care for the land, forests and oceans to ensure that we continue to have access to clean air, safe water supplies and secure food sources, and that people who currently do not have adequate supplies of these can have increased access to ensure an equitable standard of living worldwide.
Therefore, as well as a need for a common language between financial and development sectors, there needs to be clear channels of communication to ensure that the needs of all stakeholders are met. The current conversations surrounding these issues seem somewhat weighted towards how the small-holder or associated project can become more attractive to investors, without much dialogue on how the investors can best support the project to achieve its desired outcomes. A successful conversation is based on a two way flow of knowledge sharing and understanding through attentive listening. Are we properly listening to the needs and experiences of the small-holder who exists in the ‘real world’ of high risk through climate hazards, shifting prices, high credit rates and insufficient financial literacy; risks that have a direct and significant impact on the livelihood of the small-holder, his or her family and community and the sustainable management of our landscapes. These seem much higher ‘risks’ in contrast to the ‘abstract’ world of finance governed by rates of return, percentages and time frames.
Effective conversation is an opportunity to share values, desired outcomes, common language and understanding, knowledge and experiences from both sides to be able to better work together to create innovative solutions to existing challenges and increase the positive impact of sustainable landscape development.
On the 11th of May it is the funeral of my Father in Law. It is a sad day.
“Bunny” provided me with one of the most important lessons of my life. He was born, raised and now buried in Barbados. The images that you have of Barbados are probably a little different to mine. My imagery is of “liming”, cold banks and family.
When I married Nadia, I made a ridiculous 45 minute long wedding speech. It involved me breaking down in tears 7 times about how lucky I was. Thinking back on the speech, I made a wedding speech about my father in law.
The theme of the speech was Social Capital. When I met Nadia I had just finished a physics degree and a stint working in a bank. I was cynical and practical. Nadia and I fought about things like “Social Capital” – those soft things couldn’t mean anything could they. The idea that I can retain value by having friends. By doing favours. By being nice.
Bunny Manning had more Social Capital saved up than any man I had ever met. He changed my thinking, and as a result the direction of everything that I have done since. For Bunny, nothing was too much for anyone. He was not a business man, he would take on crazy extra costs going the extra mile for his customers. He never charged more. If someone needed a ride, a job done, a kind word, any favour, Bunny would do it. Religiously.
My wedding was paid for by Social Capital. Good friends hosted our reception. A friend made the cake. A friend supplied the beer. A friend took the photos. A friend married us. A friend drove us. Friends performed. A friend was the DJ. A friend made my wife’s dress.
For a cynic, this was the proof I needed that social capital was real. One man taught me that.
Danaqa is a business built on the idea that there is value in the story and the social value of what we do. Thank you Bunny, you were absolutely unique.
You will be missed.
This week is Fashion Revolution Week and Sunday 24th April, marks the third anniversary of the Rana Plaza collapse in Dhaka, Bangladesh, that killed 1,134 people and injured over 2,500.
The Fashion Revolution Campaign was started with a mission and a belief that the fashion industry can become an industry which values people, the environment, creativity and profits in equal measure, and that it’s everyone’s responsibility to ensure that this happens.
This global movement is asking both consumers and businesses to get involved. For individuals they ask us to be curious, find out and do something; this can be from asking the manufacturers, #whomademyclothes? to looking for alternatives such as clothes swaps, charity shops, vintage and customisation to prolong the life of our clothes and encourage us to 'buy less, choose well, and make it last.'
Here at Danaqa we don't work with garment workers but we do work with a range of extremely talented craftspeople to produce our beautiful range of jewellery, scarves and bags.
We are delighted to be able to showcase the amazing work of twin sisters Haimanot and Tigist who design and make our most popular range of jewellery.
To find out more about our stunning handwoven Ethiopian scarves from brand Sabahar, watch this short video.
To find out more about how you can get involved in Fashion Revolution Day visit their website
March 8th is International Women's Day and we spoke to Danaqa CEO David Thomas about his thoughts and male perspective on this year's campaign theme #PledgeforParity.
1. What is the most valuable way in your experience, to help women and girls achieve their ambitions?
This is a difficult question to answer - for me there are two sides to it, one on a very individual level and the second more general. The general answer to this question is to provide opportunities. This can mean lots of different things, and for me goes beyond the idea of providing a level playing field. That idea is passive, I think the most valuable way that we can help women and girls achieve their ambitions is more active than that. In whatever it is that you do you should think actively about providing opportunities to women and girls. This can be on an employment basis, or for us on trade, or can be on an education level. To give a funny example, there is a social media movement about “All Male Panels”. The idea being that so often at workshops, meetings, events, on TV shows and on the news a panel is put together and all the participants are men. There are two ways of dealing with this. Firstly, the passive way is to say “we just looked for the best people, without prejudice to be on the panel, and they happen to all be men”. The active way is to say “we cannot have one perspective on this issue, we need a range and we need to make sure that there are women on this panel”. I believe that we should be actively providing opportunities to women.
Secondly, on an individual level I think that confidence is a large factor in helping women achieve ambitions. There is a gender lens that we see the world in, and this impacts lots of things and impacts girls as they grow up in their confidence to do things. Everytime I see this gender lens I think of the negative impact it has on the confidence of my daughter. At Christmas she wanted a remote controlled car, but said she shouldn’t because only boys play with them. I asked her why she thought this and she said it was because of the adverts she saw on TV. She is 4. The effect of these things on her confidence I think is real, and this will change her ambitions.
2. What conversations do we need to be having with men to close gender gaps and create more inclusive workplaces?
I genuinely think that workplace dynamics need to be dealt with starting with a more societal change. The remaining narratives of things “boys do and girls do” changes so much in how we see everything. Women make dinner, men do DIY, blah blah. I still hear constantly of the idea there is a primal male instinct to be the breadwinner -surely this is an everyone instinct. All of those elements feed into the way workplaces run. I think there needs to be a complete rethink on all of this within households. We should have more conversations about roles within the household, and why we do things. I genuinely think that if the answer to a questions is “because that is the way it has always been” we should look to do something different. I think if households change their thinking on the everyday issues of things like doing the school run, the shopping, the cooking, looking after sick children, parents etc then workplaces will soon follow.
Within the workplace specifically I notice things in friends works that concern me. The types of traditional networking events that happen at a corporate level - Golf events, boxes at football and rugby games, that sort of thing - are still prevalent. I want to know if these are important? Can the organisers of these see the gender barrier of them? If they are important, shouldn’t the “event” be more inclusive and if not then why bother?
3. How can we increase women's leadership, especially in developing countries?
I am not sure that there are too many actions that are unique to developing countries beyond making sure access to education is genuinely equal. Whilst not perfect, a lot of developing countries have pretty good track records for women in leadership roles when compared to countries we think of as being “developed”. Not perfect, but not bad. The big one is that women’s education levels are on the whole lower, this cannot and should not be the case.
4. What is your favourite personal experience of seeing a woman's potential unlocked?
These are very personal rather than professional, but my mother only really focused on her career after all of her kids had gone to university. She is a teacher and had always worked, but as soon as my younger sister had gone to university she became a deputy head, then a head teacher - now she is a magistrate. I feel as though her potential was only unlocked when her traditional household responsibilities were finished. Now if the roles within my household growing up were different, would this have been different? This is not to say my father was some raving misogynist, but simply that we had a traditional family life. I actually remember my father telling me about “positive discrimination” being a good thing when I was a kid, though I don’t think that term is used much now. I really hope this idea of the traditional is different for future generations.
5. How you do make your work/life/relationship balance work in as equal way as possible?
I try my best to be mindful. I have spent most of my professional career being the “trailing” spouse. This wasn’t done for gender reasons, but it wasn’t “not done” for gender reasons too. Meaning, as my wife and I have had different opportunities we have tried to look at how they are best for us as a family ignoring the gender roles we are supposed to play. That meant that after maternity leave was done, I did a large part of the child care for our daughter, and will do again when we have our next child (soon!). I try to remind myself of defined gender roles a lot and my deep desire not to have them influencing my children. It is really tough as they are part of my upbringing to think in “traditional” ways too. This doesn’t mean that we have an unequal relationship the other way, my wife sacrifices a lot for me as well, but the reasoning is never because “that is how it is supposed to be”.